The convincing victories of former ruling politicians in Serbia and Hungary in Sunday’s elections are also being watched closely in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Opinions differ on how the consolidation of the policies of Vučić and Orban and the apparent strengthening of the right will affect the political situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. While some call for caution, others see it as an opportunity to intensify dialogue and regional integration.
Aleksandar Vučić celebrated the victory by warning that Serbia has turned radically to the right, alluding to far-right parties that crossed the electoral threshold. Viktor Orban cleaned up the united opposition and sent a scathing message to Brussels. Given the unmitigated differences in political relations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the strengthening of the domestic right and instability are inevitable, according to Buka’s editor.
“Because right-wing populist policies do not provide a solution to the problem, they try to play with the problems, they remain the same and it seems that you are fighting them in a certain way”, explains Aleksandar Trifunović.
On the contrary, Belgrade analyst Dusan Janjic believes that after the elections, saving the economy and reducing energy dependence on Russia is a priority for Hungary, and especially for Serbia. He thinks that Vučić could use the position of a kind of bridge for communication between Moscow and the EU and follow the policy of Brussels, writes BHRT.
“It is a fact that will determine, for example, Vučić not to undermine in any way the facilitation of electoral reforms and other things that the international community and the EU are doing mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” Janjić said.
According to Janjic, all this is not in favor of Milorad Dodik, who did not fulfill the tasks that Moscow expected of him. But there are also those who believe that Russia has a great influence on both Hungary and Serbia.
“It is clear that BiH must continue to compete for international attention with the same well-known players, but for now these players have a bigger role because they feel politically empowered. This will certainly be an additional problem, especially because Moscow “obviously they are very happy with the results of these elections”, declared journalist Ranko Mavrak.
There will be no major changes and the impact of the election results of neighboring countries on Bosnia and Herzegovina, believes Professor Milos Solaja.
“It is only possible that they will insist a bit more on cooperation, given that there is no will in BiH to enter the open Balkans, and now these initiatives will mean much more than before due of the conflict in Ukraine,” says Solaja.
More understanding and tolerance will be demanded of the European Union, believes Sholaja, particularly with regard to respect for international agreements or openness to new processes in the Western Balkans.