The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes as of
January 31, 2022, and for the three months ended January 31, 2022and 2021, included elsewhere herein. For additional information pertaining to our business, including risk factors which should be considered before investing in our common stock, refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021. Our Business We manufacture components for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in the building products industry. These components can be categorized as window and door (fenestration) components and kitchen and bath cabinet components. Examples of fenestration components include (1) energy-efficient flexible insulating glass spacers, (2) extruded vinyl profiles, (3) window and door screens, and (4) precision-formed metal and wood products. We also manufacture cabinet doors and other components for OEMs in the kitchen and bathroom cabinet industry. In addition, we provide certain other non-fenestration components and products, which include solar panel sealants, trim moldings, vinyl decking, vinyl fencing, water retention barriers, and conservatory roof components. We use low-cost, short lead-time production processes and engineering expertise to provide our customers with specialized products for their specific window, door, and cabinet applications. We believe these capabilities provide us with unique competitive advantages. We serve a primary customer base in North Americaand the U.K., and also serve customers in international markets through our operating plants in the U.K.and Germany, as well as through sales and marketing efforts in other countries. We continue to invest in organic growth initiatives and we intend to continue evaluating business acquisitions that allow us to expand our existing fenestration and cabinet component footprint, enhance our product offerings, provide new complementary technology, enhance our leadership position within the markets we serve and expand into new markets or service lines. We have disposed of non-core businesses in the past, and continue to evaluate our business portfolio to ensure that we are investing in markets where we believe there is potential future growth. We currently have three reportable business segments: (1) North American Fenestration segment ("NA Fenestration"), comprising three operating segments, manufacturing vinyl profiles, IG spacers, screens and other fenestration components; (2) European Fenestration segment ("EU Fenestration"), comprising our U.K.-based vinyl extrusion business, manufacturing vinyl profiles and conservatories, and the European insulating glass business manufacturing IG spacers; and (3) North American Cabinet Components segment ("NA Cabinet Components"), comprising our North American cabinet door and components business and two wood-manufacturing plants. We maintain a grouping called Unallocated Corporate & Other, which includes transaction expenses, stock-based compensation, long-term incentive awards based on the performance of our common stock and other factors, certain severance, legal, and other costs not deemed to be allocable to all segments, depreciation of corporate assets, interest expense, other, net, income taxes and inter-segment eliminations, and executive incentive compensation and medical expense fluctuations relative to planned costs as determined during the annual planning process. Other corporate general and administrative costs have been allocated to the reportable business segments, based upon a relative measure of profitability in order to more accurately reflect each reportable business segment's administrative costs. We allocate corporate expenses to businesses acquired mid-year from the date of acquisition. The accounting policies of our operating segments are the same as those used to prepare our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recent transactions and events
March 11, 2020, the WHO declared the outbreak of COVID-19 to be a global pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures. Our first priority with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic is to do everything we can to ensure the safety, health and welfare of our employees, customers, suppliers and other partners. With the implementation of health and safety practices at our facilities, we are continuing to supply the industry during this uncertain time, recognizing the essential role the construction industry plays in providing housing and necessary infrastructure.
As federal, state and local governments respond to the public health crisis, significant uncertainty has been created in the economy. The COVID-19 pandemic and its related effects continue to have a significant negative effect on many sectors of the economy and we could be further affected.
As part of our response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have taken the following actions:
•We are continuing to provide our products to support critical infrastructure needs while following national, state, and local guidelines required to continue operations during the existence of the pandemic and related local declarations of emergency. However, local or regional hotspots of the pandemic could result in other locations being temporarily idled 23 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents due to the need to deep clean areas where an employee who has tested positive for COVID-19 worked or any similar impacts in our supply chain. We work with our customers to the extent idling affects fulfillment timing. •We have taken precautionary measures intended to help minimize the risk of the virus to our employees by implementing social distancing, sanitizing the workspace, and requiring employees to report any COVID-19 symptoms to ensure safety as infection surges dictate.
• We continue to monitor the rapidly evolving situation and the advice of international and national authorities, including federal, state and local public health authorities, and may take additional action based on their recommendations. In these circumstances, developments beyond our control may require us to adjust our operating plan.
Market overview and outlook
We believe the primary drivers of our operating results continue to be North American new home construction and residential remodeling and replacement (R&R) activity. We believe that housing starts and window shipments are indicators of activity levels in the homebuilding and window industries, and we use this data, as published by or derived from third-party sources, to evaluate the market. We have evaluated the market using data from the
National Association of Homebuilders(NAHB) with regard to housing starts, and published reports by Ducker Worldwide, LLC(Ducker), a consulting and research firm, with regard to window shipments in the U.S.We obtain market data from Catalina Research, a consulting and research firm, for insight into the U.S.residential wood cabinet demand. In January 2022, the NAHBforecasted calendar-year housing starts to be 1.6 million for the 2022 and 2023 calendar-years. In February 2022, the Ducker forecast indicated that total window shipments are expected to increase approximately 9% for calendar-year 2021 and approximately 6% in 2022 and 2% in 2023. The estimated increase in window shipments for the year ended December 31, 2022includes an increase in new construction shipments of approximately 5% and an increase in R&R shipments of approximately 6%. In February 2022, Catalina Researchestimated that residential semi-custom cabinet demand in the U.S.is estimated to increase 9% in 2021 and 4% in 2022. Several commodities in our business are subject to pricing fluctuations, including polyvinyl resin (PVC), titanium dioxide (TiO2), petroleum products, aluminum and wood. For the majority of our customers and critical suppliers, we have price adjusters in place which effectively share the base pass-through price changes for our primary commodities with our customers commensurate with the market at large. Our long-term exposure to these price fluctuations is somewhat mitigated due to the contractual component of the adjuster programs. However, these adjusters are not in place with all customers and for all commodities, and there is a level of exposure to such volatility due to the lag associated with the timing of price updates in accordance with our customer agreements, particularly with regard to hardwoods. In addition, some of these commodities, such as silicone, are in high demand, particularly in Europe, which can affect the cost of the raw materials, a portion of which we may not be able to fully recover. On June 23, 2016, citizens of the U.K.voted to exit the European Union(E.U.) (referred to as Brexit). In October 2019, the U.K.and E.U. ratified a withdrawal agreement, and subsequently the U.K.left the E.U. on January 31, 2020. The E.U. rules for trade, travel, and business for the U.K.lapsed on December 31, 2020. In early 2021, the U.K.and the E.U. agreed on a 100% tariff liberalization trade agreement. There will be no tariffs or quotas on the movement of goods produced between the U.K.and the E.U. During this settling in period we could experience extended lead times for raw material imports. Given the lack of comparable precedent, it is difficult for us to predict the future impacts on our U.K.based operations, which accounted for approximately 20% of our total sales for the year ended October 31, 2021. Since we manufacture and sell a majority of our U.K.products within the U.K., there is minimal risk to our ability to physically deliver goods and complete sales. The primary risk mitigation focus for our U.K.operations centers on the availability and pricing of raw materials. While we source the majority of our raw materials from within the U.K., many of the primary upstream raw materials our vendors use are being sourced from outside of the U.K., which could expose us to cross-border issues and raw material price impacts. We will mitigate this potential impact of Brexit on the import of goods to the U.K.by strategically managing our inventory levels and logistical channels. The global economy remains uncertain due to currency devaluations, political unrest, terror threats, global pandemics such as COVID-19, and even the political landscape in the U.S.These and other macro-economic factors have impacted the global financial markets, which may have contributed to significant changes in foreign currencies. We continue to monitor our exposure to changes in exchange rates. 24
Three months completed
Three Months Ended January 31, 2022 2021 Change $ % Variance (Dollars in millions) Net sales
$ 267.0 $ 230.1 $ 36.916 %
Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and impairment) 211.8
176.4 35.4 (20) % Selling, general and administrative 30.8 30.9 (0.1) - % Depreciation and amortization 10.3 11.0 (0.7) 6 % Operating income 14.1 11.8 2.3 19 % Interest expense (0.5) (0.7) 0.2 29 % Other, net - 0.2 (0.2) (100) % Income tax expense (2.4) (3.4) 1.0 29 % Net income
$ 11.2 $ 7.9 $ 3.342 %
Here are our period-over-period results by reportable segment.
Changes related to operating profit by segment to be presented:
Three Months Ended January 31, 2022 2021 $ Change % Variance (Dollars in millions) Net sales
$ 146.6 $ 128.1 $ 18.514%
Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and impairment) 116.0
99.4 16.6 (17)% Selling, general and administrative 14.4 12.4 2.0 (16)% Depreciation and amortization 4.1 5.1 (1.0) 20% Operating income
$ 12.1 $ 11.2 $ 0.98% Operating income margin 8 % 9 % Net Sales. Net sales increased $18.5 million, or 14%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021, which was primarily driven by an increase in price and raw material surcharges of $10.6 millionand a $7.9 millionincrease in volumes. Cost of Sales. The cost of sales increased $16.6 million, or 17%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022as compared to the same period in 2021. Cost of sales, including labor, increased primarily due to higher volumes during the period as well as the inflation of raw materials. Selling, General and Administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $2.0 million, or 16%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022as compared to the same period in 2021. This increase was due primarily to higher professional fees and compensation year-over-year. Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $1.0 million, or 20%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022as compared to the same period in 2021, reflecting the run-off of depreciation expense related to existing assets and disposals during the period. 25
Table of Contents EU Fenestration Three Months Ended January 31, 2022 2021 $ Change Variance % (Dollars in millions) Net sales
$ 58.9 $ 49.1 $ 9.820%
Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and impairment) 41.2
31.8 9.4 (30)% Selling, general and administrative 7.3 6.6 0.7 (11)% Depreciation and amortization 2.6 2.5 0.1 (4)% Operating income
$ 7.8 $ 8.2 $ (0.4)(5)% Operating income margin 13 % 17 % Net Sales. Net sales increased $9.8 million, or 20%, comparing the three months ended January 31, 2022to the same period in 2021, which was primarily driven by a $8.7 millionincrease in volumes, including a recovery from prior year COVID-19 impacts, and $1.7 millionof base price increases partially offset by $0.6 millionof foreign currency rate changes. Cost of Sales. The cost of sales increased $9.4 million, or 30%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021. Cost of sales increased primarily due to higher volumes during the period as well as the inflation of raw materials. Selling, General and Administrative. Selling, general and administrative expense increased $0.7 million, or 11%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021. The increase is primarily due to higher compensation, general expenses and foreign currency impacts year-over-year.
NA Cabinet Components
Three Months Ended January 31, 2022 2021 $ Change Variance % (Dollars in millions) Net sales
$ 62.4 $ 54.0 $ 8.416%
Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and impairment) 55.0
45.9 9.1 (20)% Selling, general and administrative 5.2 4.9 0.3 (6)% Depreciation and amortization 3.5 3.3 0.2 (6)% Operating loss
$ (1.3) $ (0.1) $ (1.2)(1,200)% Operating loss margin (2) % - % Net Sales. Net sales increased $8.4 million, or 16%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021, which was driven by a $14.3 millionincrease in price and raw material indexes partially offset by $6.0 milliondecrease in volumes. Cost of Sales. Cost of sales increased $9.1 million, or 20%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022compared with the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of higher volumes and lumber price inflation, which are recovered on a lag, partially offset by a decrease in volumes.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased
compared to the same period in 2021 due to higher overhead costs year-over-year.
Unallocated Corporate & Other
Three Months Ended January 31, 2022 2021 $ Change Variance % (Dollars in millions) Net sales
$ (0.9) $ (1.1) $ 0.218% Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization) (0.4) (0.7) 0.3 (43)% Selling, general and administrative 3.9 7.0 (3.1) (44)% Depreciation and amortization 0.1 0.1 - -% Operating loss $ (4.5) $ (7.5) $ 3.040%
Cost of sales. Cost of sales for Corporate Unallocated and Other includes the elimination of inter-segment sales, profit on inventory and other costs.
Selling, General and Administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased
$3.1 million, or 44%, for the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease is attributable to $2.3 millionof decreased compensation expense related to the valuations of our stock based compensation awards during the three months ended January 31, 2022as compared to the prior year period. Additionally, we recorded a $1.4 millionloss on the sale of a plant during the three months ended January 31, 2021, for which we did not have a comparable expense in the corresponding three months ended January 31, 2022. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in medical expenses of $0.5 milliondue to higher claims activity year over year.
Changes related to non-operating items:
Interest Expense. Interest expense decreased
$0.2 millionfor the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021 as a result of lower borrowings outstanding during the period and lower interest rates. Income Taxes. We recorded income tax expense of $2.4 millionon pre-tax income of $13.6 millionfor the three months ended January 31, 2022, an effective rate of 17.7%, and income tax expense of $3.4 millionon a pre-tax income of $11.3 millionfor the three months ended January 31, 2021, an effective rate of 30.4%. The $1.0 milliondecrease in income tax expense year-over-year was primarily driven by the benefit from the vesting or exercise of equity-based compensation awards.
Cash and capital resources
Historically, our primary sources of funds have been cash, cash flow from operations and borrowings under our credit facilities.
We maintain a
$325.0 millionrevolving credit facility (the Credit Facility) that matures in 2023 (5-year term) and requires interest payments calculated at a variable market rate depending upon our Consolidated Leverage Ratio. The applicable rate during the three months ended January 31, 2022was LIBOR + 1.25%. Our cost of capital could increase depending upon the Consolidated Leverage Ratio at the end of any given quarter. In addition to the Consolidated Leverage Ratio covenant, we are required to meet a Consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio covenant, and there are limitations on certain transactions including our ability to incur indebtedness, incur liens, dispose of material assets, acquire businesses, make restricted payments and pay dividends (limited to $20.0 millionper year). We are amortizing deferred financing fees of $0.5 millionstraight-line over the remaining term of the facility. For further details of the Credit Facility, refer to Note 4, "Debt and Finance Lease Obligations" to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere herein.
December 2021, our Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program that authorized the repurchase of up to $75.0 millionworth of shares of our common stock. Repurchases under the new program will be made in open market transactions or privately negotiated transactions, subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements and other relevant factors. The program does not have an expiration date or a limit on the number of shares that may be purchased. 27
$1.2 millionand $1.0 millionof foreign cash during the three months ended January 31, 2022and 2021, respectively. We expect to repatriate excess cash moving forward and use the funds to retire debt or meet current working capital needs. In the U.K., we insure against a portion of our credit losses. We believe our business model, our current cash reserves and the recent steps we have taken to strengthen our balance sheet leave us well-positioned to manage our business and remain in compliance with our debt covenants.
Cash flow analysis
The following table summarizes our cash flow results for the three months ended
January 31, 2022and 2021: Three Months Ended January 31, 20222021 (In millions)
Cash used for operating activities
$ (21.7) $ (3.4)Cash used for investing activities $ (7.4) $ (5.2)Cash provided by (used for) financing activities $ 20.9 $ (0.6)Operating Activities. Cash used for operating activities for the three months ended January 31, 2022increased $18.3 millioncompared to the three months ended January 31, 2021. The increase in cash used for operating activities is primarily due to an increase in working capital partially offset by higher net income year-over-year due to increased demand. The increase in working capital was largely driven by an inventory build and raw material price inflation and a higher payout of accrued incentives. Investing Activities. Cash used for investing activities increased $2.2 millionfor the three months ended January 31, 2022compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result an increase in capital expenditures. Financing Activities. Cash provided by financing activities was $20.9 millionfor the three months ended January 31, 2022, which included $24.8 millionof net debt borrowings partially offset by $2.6 millionof dividends paid to our shareholders and $1.4 millionof payroll tax paid to settle shares forfeited upon vesting of stock. Liquidity Requirements Historically, our strategy for deploying cash has been to invest in organic growth opportunities, develop our infrastructure, and explore strategic acquisitions. Other uses of cash include paying cash dividends to our shareholders and repurchasing our common stock. During the three months ended January 31, 2022and 2021, we repatriated $1.2 millionand $1.0 million, respectively, of foreign earnings from our foreign locations. We maintain cash balances in foreign countries which total $9.0 millionas of January 31, 2022.
Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of our financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the
U.S.( U.S.GAAP) requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be perceived with certainty. Estimates may change as new events occur, as more experience is acquired, as additional information becomes available and as our operating environment changes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, and that we believe provide a basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily available through open market quotes. We must use our judgment with regard to uncertainties in order to make these estimates. Actual results could differ from these estimates. For a description of our critical accounting policies and estimates, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021. Our critical accounting policies and estimates have not changed materially during the three months ended January 31, 2022. While there have been no changes in the application of principles, methods, and assumptions used to determine our significant estimates, we may be required to revise certain accounting estimates and judgments related to the economic and business impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, such as, but not limited to, those related to the valuation of goodwill, intangibles, long-lived assets, accounts receivable, and inventory, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations. 28
New accounting statements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the
Financial Accounting Standards Board(FASB) or other standards setting bodies that we adopt as of the specified effective date. We did not adopt any new accounting pronouncements during the three months ended January 31, 2022. As of January 31, 2022, we believe the impact of any recently issued standards that are not yet effective are either not applicable to us at this time or will not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements upon adoption. 29
© Edgar Online, source