Xi’s Global Security Initiative and Pakistan
NOW Asia and the economy NATO has become a hot debate in many regional capitals. It seems that the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine has alarmed many countries who see Taiwan as the next point of conflict between the United States and China.
This is why NATO’s strong presence has grown over the past six months in the Indo-Pacific (IPR) region.
Moreover, the first stage of economic NATO was initiated during the recently concluded visit of US President Joe Biden to Japan by launching a new Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF).
The only purpose of this IPEF is to contain China because it does not have the spirit of “economic integration” and “inclusion” because regional economic cooperation initiatives must be open and inclusive, instead of being discriminatory and exclusive.
Australia, India, Japan and South Korea are among the 12 countries joining IPEF, while China, the world’s second largest economy, is currently not on the list.
In addition to having a so-called collaborative vision of economic cooperation, the IPEF has not yet detailed the substantial benefits it can bring to its signatories.
Thus, every effort is being made among all coroners to contain China. In addition, the United States is increasing its influence in the area of IPRs with the QUAD (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) and AUKUS (a trilateral security pact between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States) in the Indo-Pacific strategic framework.
Despite warnings from the Chinese government, NATO continues to increase its military presence in the Chinese hinterland.
In this regard, United States arms sales and military training to Taiwan and many other countries in the region as well as military strategic alliances and partnerships with Japan and South Korea all indicate that States States and their allies are on a mission to contain China through force and economic barricade.
To counter these emerging anti-China socio-economic, geopolitical and geostrategic trends in the region and beyond, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi floated the idea of ”BRICS Plus” which would promote further the common human values of peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom among developing countries through tireless efforts to build a community with a shared future for humankind.
BRICS Plus vividly reflects the true spirits of “multilateralism” and “multiculturalism” which consequently guarantee the survival of emerging markets and developing countries.
It would follow the principles of the United Nations and oppose all coercive tactics against developing countries.
It would also enable global security to improve governance and safeguard global peace and tranquility.
According to the Chinese foreign minister, it would pursue sustainable development goals and implement the global governance mission.
In this regard, he urged developing countries to work together to improve global governance and strive for greater development space.
He rightly suggested that the true spirits of solidarity and mutual assistance, South-South cooperation, should be pursued and implemented on a larger scale, in broader areas and at deeper levels, in order to strengthen the power of international discourse, agenda-setting and rule-making. make and promote the development of the global governance system in a more just and reasonable direction.
Thus, the “BRICS Plus” cooperation, as a platform for emerging markets and developing countries, is built for cooperation and development.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi called on more countries to join him in promoting democracy in international relations, making the world economy more inclusive and streamlining global governance, so as to jointly create a brighter and better future.
The BRICS include Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, representing nearly 42% of the world’s population, 27% of the land area and 32% of the world’s GDP (PPP) and have always remained committed to multilateral cooperation and a multipolar world order. .
During the opening session of the meeting, Chinese President Xi Jinping urged BRICS countries to reject the Cold War mentality and avoid confrontation and work together to build a global security community for all.
This clearly alluded to the geopolitics of polarization pursued by the United States and its Western allies, in which the world is divided into the simplistic, but irrational, binary of allies and adversaries, similar to the times of war. cold.
Xi noted that the BRICS could play a constructive role in addressing these challenges. He was of the view and of constructive force in the international positive, inspiring that as a community, the BRICS countries should be brave enough to tackle all obstacles to promote peace and development, defend equity and justice and defend democracy and freedom in the world.
The good news is that the BRICS are now preparing for the expansion of the BRICS to include other major emerging markets as members.
The BRICS foreign ministers’ joint statement revealed that discussions on the enlargement process are already underway and “guiding principles, standards, criteria and procedures” for new members will be formulated through consultation and consensus among current members.
It appears that at least four countries that are part of the Group of 20 (G20) largest economies in the world, including Argentina, Indonesia, Mexico and Turkey, as well as Bangladesh, have expressed strong interest in full BRICS membership, while Egypt, Iran, Nigeria, Sudan, Syria and more recently Pakistan have also expressed interest in joining BRICS.
The current five BRICS countries are also members of the G-20. Thus, the forces of multilateralism and multiculturalism are rising to defeat the forces of darkness and destruction.
An expansion of the BRICS could multiply the bloc’s global influence while consolidating its principle of multilateralism through greater representation of developing countries.
Hopefully, an expanded BRICS will have the potential to become a hub for global growth, security and peace.
On the other hand, more recently, the Global Security Initiative (GSI) proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping aimed to create an Asian security framework that replaces confrontation, alliance and a zero-sum approach with dialogue, partnership and win-win proposals.
It is therefore an added value in the regional security systems that will be a balancing act in the days to come.
It is a new holistic and comprehensive security system that cares about security, economy, sovereignty, dignity and, last but not least, humanity.
In conclusion, Xi’s GSI runs counter to Western geopolitical security theory and is instead a giant leap towards the Asian Security Architecture (ASA).
It promises “six commitments”, including the vision of common, global, cooperative and sustainable security; respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries; respect the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations; take seriously the legitimate security concerns of all countries; peacefully resolve disputes and differences between countries through dialogue and consultation; and remain committed to maintaining security in traditional and non-traditional areas.
The world is changing and changing rapidly, so BRICS Plus and China’s GSI would be a catalyst for sustainable development and a fair security system in the world. Pakistan’s policy makers should support both.
—The author is director of the Center for South Asia and International Studies in Islamabad and regional expert, China, CPEC and BIS.